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Мария Андреевна Кривошеина, преподаватель школы филологии, ma.krivosheina@gmail.com

Лекции профессора Дурста-Андерсена о прагматике коммуникации

Мероприятие завершено
Профессор из Копенгагенской школы бизнеса в школе филологии

Уважаемые коллеги,

19 и 21 марта 2018 года в школе филологии состоится курс из трех лекций о прагматике коммуникации и русском языке профессора Копенгагенской школы бизнеса Пира Дурст-Андерсена.

Язык лекций - английский.

Известный специалист в области кросс-культурной прагматики, специалист по деловой коммуникации, проф. Андерсен (Per Durst-Andersen, professor of language and communication at Copenhagen Business School) посвятил многие свои работы особенностям именно русского языка и деловой коммуникации по-русски.
Данный цикл лекций проводится в рамках курса “Язык в универсуме культуры: русский коммуникативный стиль”.

В понедельник 19 марта 2018 года в НИУ ВШЭ состоятся две лекции профессора Дурст-Андерсена на темы  "Communicative supertypes. Why Russian, Chinese and English differ fundamentally from one another" и “Russian as a reality-oriented language with a sharp distinction between external and internal reality”


1. Лекция "Communicative supertypes. Why Russian, Chinese and English differ fundamentally from one another"

Начало: 18:10

Адрес: ул. С. Басманная, 21/4 ауд. 506

Язык: английский

Abstract:

By including evidence from various types of communication and discourse it is demonstrated that people having, respectively, Russian, Chinese and English as their mother tongue communicate in three distinct ways because their languages belong to different communicative supertypes: (1) Russian describes situations in external and internal reality – it is third person-oriented; (2) Chinese is oriented towards the speaker’s experiences – it is first person-oriented; and (3) English gives information to the hearer – it is second person-oriented. The reason for this trichotomy is found in the human brain, where it appears that reality exists in three different modalities, as well as in the communicative setting, where we also find three different kinds of reality due to the fact that any communicative situation involves exactly three obligatory participants, i.e. the speaker, the hearer, and reality – the latter in the shape of a situation named by the verb. The three different orientations are so deeply anchored in the bodies of their speakers that the orientation from one’s mother tongue is usually transferred directly to a foreign language with the result that one’s way of communicating becomes ill-formed.


2. Лекция “Russian as a reality-oriented language with a sharp distinction between external and internal reality”


Начало: 19:40

Адрес: ул. С. Басманная, 21/4 ауд. 506

Язык: английский

Abstract:

The talk will focus on various verbal and nominal categories of Russian and on how they are tied together to form a complete whole. As a specific communicative supertype oriented towards situations in primarily external reality, the verb and its lexical-semantic classes (state verbs, activity verbs and action verbs) and grammatical categories (such as aspect) are of primary importance. States are divided into location and possession (external reality) as well as experience and quality (internal reality) and it is demonstrated that (1) this distinction is signaled by existential byt’ and copular byt’, respectively, and (2) verbs can only speak with the voice of external reality, while adjectives can only speak with the voice of internal reality. This is a peculiarity of Russian. The category of aspect divides actions in external reality into processes and events – a crucial distinction normally named by one verb (e.g., arrest) in other languages, but by two verbs in Russian (arestovat’/arestovyvat’), because it is impossible to find the collective concept “action” in external reality, only its manifestations, viz. a process and an event. Moreover, it is demonstrated that various syntactic constructions and case alternations reflect different internally formed situations. Finally, it is shown that the function of indefinite and negative pronouns in Russian is based on the notion of referentiality vs. non-referentiality. Without knowing the orientation of the Russian language people learning it will have difficulty in grasping its various distinctions and they will not know how to use them and their effect on the hearer in real life situations.



В среду 21 марта 2018 года в НИУ ВШЭ, там же на Старой Басманной  состоится лекция проф. Дурст-Андерсена на тему

“Language and culture. Their influence on perception, cognition, action/interaction and communication”

Начало: 18:00

Адрес: ул. С. Басманная, 21/4 ауд. 503

Язык: английский

Abstract:

The language-culture controversy and the question of their mutual influence on one another exemplified by Sapir/Whorf and Chomsky/Pinker are basically illogical. In order to discuss the influence of language and culture it is crucial to find a so-called tertium comparationis, i.e. a third entity to which language and culture can be compared. Perception, cognition, action/interaction and communication together make up this so-called third entity. If we do that, then it is easy to see that both language and culture may influence how as human beings we perceive, cognize, act/interact and communicate in the society we live in, but the question is in which areas and exactly in which way language and culture apply their influence? I shall examine all four areas incorporating experimental evidence as well as other pieces of external and internal evidence and attempt to demonstrate the specific role of culture and the specific role of language in each area. Among other things, societal logic, problem solving, conflict resolution, and pedagogical culture will be touched upon. The conclusion is that since both culture and language influence all four areas, their effect on human beings is twice as big as could be expected. Examples are primarily taken from the American English, Russian and Chinese linguacultures with focus on the former and the latter.


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